Nine members of one of Southern Africa’s most prolific wildlife trafficking gangs were sentenced to a total 56.5 years behind bars in a Malawian court on Monday.
The gang were members of the Lin-Zhang syndicate and were each found guilty of at least one wildlife trafficking offence of a listed or protected species including pangolins, rhino horn, ivory or hippo teeth.
One of the convicted, Quinhua Zhang, was charged for being in possession of rhino horn and an illegal firearm. She was arrested in one of a series of coordinated raids in May 2019.
Zhang is married to Yunhua Lin, the alleged kingpin of the syndicate. Lin was arrested in August last year following a three-month manhunt.
He is due to appear in court on Wednesday on charges of possession of rhino horn, conspiracy and money-laundering.
The arrests and convictions have been hailed by Environmental Investigation Agency’s executive director, Mary Rice.
“Following years of concerted efforts and overcoming countless obstacles, this small nation has demonstrated how, with political will and determination, to dismantle one of Africa’s most prolific organised international crime syndicates.
“Fighting crime on this scale demands sophistication, collaboration, courage and tenacity. Malawi should be immensely proud – and other African countries currently battling the scourge of illegal wildlife trade would do well to follow this example of global leadership,” she said.
Malawi’s director of National Parks & Wildlife, Brighton Kumchedwa, thanks all the stakeholders who took part in seeing successful prosecution of this landmark case.
“It is critical that wildlife criminals can expect to feel the full weight of the law and the message needs to be loud and clear: Malawi is no longer a playground for the likes of the Lin-Zhang syndicate that exploit our natural heritage, damage our economy, incite corruption and pose a risk to national security. This is indeed a victory for the Malawi – and a victory for wildlife in particular,” Kumchedwa said.
The sentences handed down at the Senior Resident Magistrate’s Court, in Lilongwe, were:
Quinhua Zhang – total 11 years in prison (seven years for possession of rhino horn and four years for an illegal firearm, to be served consecutively)
Li Hao Yuan – total 11 years in prison (seven years possession of rhino horn and four years for an illegal firearm, to be served consecutively, plus 1.5 years for possession of pangolin scales, served concurrently)
Yanwu Zhuo – total seven years in prison (possession of rhino horn)
Ya Shen Zhuo – total seven years in prison (possession of rhino horn)
Jinfu Zeng – total five years in prison (five years for possession of pangolin scales and three years for possession of worked ivory, to be served concurrently)
Guozhong Zhang – total three years in prison (two years for possession of pangolin scales and three years for possession of worked ivory, to be served concurrently)
Guohua Zhang – total three years in prison (possession of worked ivory)
Cosmas Sakugwa – total 1.5 years in prison (possession of worked ivory)
Steven Daza – total 1.5 years in prison (possession of hippo teeth)
The Lin-Zhang syndicate is an organised crime network which has been operating in Malawi for at least a decade.
In total, 14 members of the syndicate were apprehended last year. Of the remaining syndicate members arrested in May 2019, one Chinese and two Malawian nationals – Cheng Qiang, James Mkwezalamba and Julius Sanudia – have each been sentenced to three years in prison for possession of live pangolins or pangolin scales.
Chinese national, Shine He, has pleaded not guilty to possession of ammunition and explosives; his trial continues.